您当前所在位置:主页 > 备考 > 历年真题 >

2020年10月自考英语二真题及答案

时间:2020-10-28 15:06    成人专升本自考本科大专报名入口官网 - 福建自考网    点击:  次

2020年10月自考英语二真题及答案

 

2020年10月高等教育自学考试全国统一命题考试

英语( 二 ) 试卷

(课程代码00015)

本试卷共 8页。满分l00分,考试时间l50分钟。

考生答题注意事项:

1.本卷所有试题必须在答题卡上作答。答在试卷上无效,试卷空白处和背面均可作草稿纸。

2.第一、二部分在“选择题答题区”作答。必须对应试卷上的题号使用 2B铅笔将“答题卡的相应代码涂黑。

3.第三、七部分在“非选择题答题区”作答。必须注明大、小题号,使用0.5毫米黑色字迹签字笔作答。

4.合理安排答题空间,超出答题区域无效。

选择题区

第一部分:阅读判断(第l~l0题,每题 l分,共10分)

下面的短文后列出了10个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子作出判断:如果该句提供的是正确信息,选择A ;如果该句提供的是错误信息,选择B ;如果该句的信息文中没有提及,选择C。在答题卡相应位置上将答案选项涂黑。

Booking Online and Saving the Environment

When you are looking to book a holiday, it is unlikely that you will think about how green your booking decision is, but it is something that you should think about. By“green”we mean the pact on the environment.

When looking to book a holiday, you will probably find that you are faced with two main decisions. The first is to go into a travel agency, pick up brochures(宣传册)read through them and go back with just one and book with the travel agents directly or over the phone. The second is to go onto the Internet

The Internet holds many advantages over the travel agencies. The main one is convenience. You can go online to look at holidays at any time of the day. The travel agents, however, are usually very busy at times when people can actually go, i.e. lunch hours or at the weekend. You could use the telephone, but you wouldn’t be able to see the pictures or the details of the holidays, so you would probably be sent a brochure anyway.

There are websites on the Internet that make shopping for holiday deals much easier. These websites are known as price comparison websites. They search through lots of different tour operators, and the results are displayed on one page, from which you can choose.

Compared with the travel agencies, booking online is greener. The piles of brochures are definitely not green, and the amount of unnecessary paper used can’t be good for the environment. In the days of the Internet, there is really no need for such a large amount of paper to be wasted. So booking online will not only save you time and effort, it will do a little bit towards saving the environment, too!

1. When planning holidays, few people will think about being green.

A. True       B. False      C. Not Given

2. There are two main choices when people look to book their holidays.

A. True       B. False      C. Not Given

3. People go to travel agencies and make their decisions directly.

A. True       B. False      C. Not Given

 4. The main advantage of booking online is saving money.

A. True       B. False      C. Not Given

5. Many people go to travel agencies at lunchtime.

A. True       B. False      C. Not Given

6. Booking holidays  by telephone requires less communicative skills.

A. True       B. False      C. Not Given 

7. There are  limited choices at price comparison websites.

A. True       B. False      C. Not Given

8.Travel agencies make the best use of price comparison websites.

 A. True       B. False      C. Not Given

9. Travelers collect brochures as a hobby.

A. True       B. False      C. Not Given

10. Booking online is a way to save the environment._

A. True       B. False      C. Not Given

第二部分:阅读选择(第11~15题,每题2分,共l0分)

    阅读下面短文,请从短文后所给各题的4个选项(A、B、C、D)中选出1个最佳选项,并在答题卡相应位置上将该项涂黑。

Urban Gardening

Urban gardening refers to the practice of planting a garden c the city. Apartments, town homes, and other areas with little or no land are being used for gardening. This method of gardening is becoming more common as the amouns of land for gardening in cities is becoming smaller and smaller.

Containers, hanging baskets and raised beds are examples of items people use to create a garden in a confined space. Some cities also offer a shared community garden for people who have no room to grow plants at home.

Many types of plants can be g ow in containers and baskets. Tomatoes and peppers, for instance, can grow in containers on windowsills(窗台)Plants grown on a windowsill should 00Zi.bhaNoaanamMb00miabIaIasos.moeNe containers or baskets in the kitchen. They do not require much space and can be handy f cooking.

People who want to grow more plants may use raised beds which are usually made of wood pieces and filled with a mixture of soil and fertilizers. They can be built on top of any hard surface , including roof tops. People like them because the beds often cost much less than most other methods of gardening.

Community gardening could be an option for anyone who does not have space for a garden at home. Most cities that offer this will rent a small plot and to someone for a fee, or allow them to use it free of charge. Instead of dividing the and into separate plots, some cities allow everyone in the neighborhood to share and work on the same land. This method could be beneficial for people in the neighborhood who share the passion for growing things.

11. Urban gardening came into being as a result of              .

A. the lack of land for gardening      B. new technology

C. government encouragement            D. the increasing population   

12. The word“confined” (Para. 2) means                  .

A. open   B. empty   C. limited   D. occupied

13. Plants grown on windowsills require a lot of            .

A. water    B. space      C. soil      D. sunlight

14. Raised beds are popular because they                   .

A. are efficient     B. are cheap    C. last long     D. contain fertilizers

15. Community gardening is beneficial because it            

A. saves more land            B. requires less work

C. increases output           D. connects people

非选择题区

第三部分:概括段落大意和补全句子(第16~25题,每题l分,共10分)

    阅读下面短文,请完成短文后的2项测试任务:(1)从第l6~20题后所给的6个选项中为第1~5段每段选择1个正确的小标题;(2)从第21~25题后所给的6个选项中选择5个正确选项,分别完成每个句子。请将正确选项的字母写在答题卡上。

My Science Teacher

①Usually when people decide to be teachers, they go to college, get a degree, and find  a job at a school  They prepare lesson plans, give out homework, and make up tests. To  them, it is just a job, a way to make a living. But for my science teacher, Mrs. Cook teaching is not just her job; it's who she is. She teaches through her heart.

②She has so much enthusiasm in her lessons. She is the one who goes out late at night to buy 10 pounds of sugar for our experiments. She brings in water, from the nearby canal to make her point, and to make us remember the lesson. She makes us think that each new fact could change our lives.

③Mrs. Cook wants all of us to do well in school. She tries to reach each student. She neither ignores the sleeping kid in the back, nor lets the problem students alone. She shows special concern to slow students, and often helps them after school. None of us can slip away from her attention.

④Middle school is probably one of the hardest times of our lives. We change friends so  often, and fight with our parents constantly. But Mrs. Cook has made this year so much better for us than it could have been. we know that if we had to turn to anybody, it would be her. And I'm not alone in feeling this way; she is a role model for our whole class.

⑤Science had never been my favorite subject . I had never borrowed science books. I had never performed experiments in my home. But this year, it's the science class that I don't mind waking up for, the test I don't mind taking. I have Mrs.Cook to thank for that. She has taught us so much more than just a single subject.

Task 1

16.Paragraph ①:_____

17.Paragraph ②:_____

18.Paragraph ③:_____19.Paragraph ④:_____20.Paragraph ⑤:_____

A. Mrs. Cook makes our school life easier.

B. I enjoy science class now.

C. Mrs. Cook cares about each student.

D. Mrs. Cook is strict with her students.

E. Mrs. Cook's lessons are well-prepared.

F. Teaching is more than a job for Mrs. Cook.

Task 2

2l. To become a school teacher, one needs             

22. Mrs. Cook often goes out to collect               

23. Mrs.Cook offers slow students extra help                

24. Our whole class take Mrs. Cook as                

25,I am lucky to have Mrs. Cook as                

A. in class

B. my teacher

C. after school

D. a role model

E. a college degree

F. teaching materials

第四部分:填句补文(第26~30题,每题2分,共10分)  

下面的短文有5处空自,短文后有6个句子,其中5个取自短文,请根据短文内容将其分别放回原有位置,以恢复文章原貌,请将正确选项的字母写在答题卡上。

Lack of Sleep Is Dangerous

Do you know that if you miss out too much sleep you will die? It's true! If you stay awake for a long, long time, your brain and body will break down.

The unofficial world record for staying awake is 11 days, and it's held by Randy Gardner. 26    He also had help from TV and radio reporters, a sleep researcher and a doctor.

What happened ?   27   Then his brain started to lose sense. On day 4, he thought a street sign was really a person. On day 6, he began to speak very slowly. On day 9, he couldn’t finish sentences. On ty 10, Randy thought he saw a forest in the next room.   28    Eventually, after  he'd broken the world record, Randy was told to go to sleep.Experiments that keep people awake for dangerously long periods are always stopped before the patients break down .

Rats, however . aren’t so well cared for.   29     That's sooner than if they'd been allowed to sleep but were given no food. They get really thin. But that’s not because se they stop eating—quite the opposite. Even though these rats are eating food, their bodies can't process it in the normal way. On top of that, their little bodies lose more heat than normal, which makes them weak. This means that they need more food to stay at a healthy temperature.   30    

And that's what lack of sleep does for you.

A. In fact, he went a bit crazy.

B. Normally rats wouldn't catch a cold.

C. Towards the end, the health of these rats is failing.

D. When kept from sleeping, they die within three weeks.

E. Randy asked two of his friends to stop him falling asleep.

F. First of all staying awake long made Randy bad-tempered.

第五部分:填词补文(第31~40题,每题l.5分,共I5分)

下面的短文有l0处空白,短文后列出12个词,其中10个取自短文,请根据短文内容将其分别放回原有位置,以恢复文章原貌,请将正确选项的字母写在答题卡上。

Talking Counts!

Most words in a child's vocabulary come from everyday encounters with language.

Children    31    up language from books, media, and conversations.

You can increase your child's vocabulary and   32  knowledge by having conversations with them. With babies, you can talk to them about what you're doing so they can begin to   33   words with concepts. As your baby begins to speak, start asking, “What's that?” when   34   to objects or pictures. Elaborate on their   35   answers as a way to have them listening to more words. “Yes, that is a banana! It's     36    and smooth.”

With young children, you can talk about the things you see in your  37   . on trips around town, or on television. These conversations help build a child's  38  of his world When reading, pause to ask questions on the story. Ask,“Why do you think he did that? or “What do you think  going to happen 39  ? Tell your children stories from your own life, or about the day they were   40   . This helps develop their personal and cultural identity.

A. link        B. simple           C. secondly    D. neighborhood     E. yellow

F. build       G. understanding    H. pointing    I. pick             J. born

K. background   L. next

第六部分:完形补文(第41~50题,每题l.5分,共l5分)

下面的短文有l0处空白,每处空白后的括号内有一个词,请根据短文内容将其正确的形式填入文中,以恢复文章原貌,并将答案写在答题卡相应的位置上。

Water Shortage Getting water seems (seem) so easy for many people. You will be  41  (mistake) if you think there is an   42   (end) supply of water. In fact, the world has a water shortage. Seventy percent of the world is   43   (cover) in water. But most of it is salt water. Only a small    44  (percent) is fresh drinking water .Countries   45   (include) Spain, Italy and South Africa actually import water from countries such as the United States and Australia. 46  (surprising), 1.1 billion people on earth have difficulty  47   (get) clean drinking water. This global problem is predicted to get   48  (bad) as the atmosphere becomes warmer.

Every person in Britain   49    (use) about 150 litres of water a day. In some countries people only have 5 to 10 litres a day! They would be   50  (shock)to learn how we waste drinking water.

第七部分:短文写作(第51题,30分)

请根据所提供材料中的要求完成一篇100词左右的英文写作任务。将你的答案写在答题纸相应的位置上。

51.某英文报社正在举办题为“An Unforgettable Holiday” 的征文活动。请就此题目写一篇英文短文应征,内容包括:

1.哪一个假期令你难忘

2.为什么令你难忘

 

参考答案,仅供参考

2020年10月英语二(00015)完整答案及解析

一、阅读判断

1、 A, Few people will think aboutbeing green.对应文章中的 is unlikely that.., 所以正确。

2、A, Two main choices when people lookto their holiday.对应文章中的two choices; travel agencies 和 internet,所以正确。

3、C, People go to travel agencies andmake their decisions directly. Travel agencies 只是主要出行的选择之一,但文章并没有提及问题,所以未提及。

4、B, The main advantage of holidayonline is convenience而不是 saving money, 所以错误。

5、 C, People go to travel agencies atlunchtime. 文章只是说,一般人们去找travel agencies,他们都很忙,比如 lunchtime or weekend.而并未明确说明people go totravel agencies at lunchtime.所以未提及。

6、C, Booking holiday by telephonerequires less communicative skills.文章只是 说电话预定会看不到图片或细节,并未提及communicative skill,,所以C未提及。

7、B, There are lots of 而不是 limited choices at price comparison website,所以 错误。

8、 C, Travel agencies make the bestuse of price comparison website.文中并未提 及两者的关系,所以未提及。

9、 C, Travelers collect brochures as ahobby.文中并未提及。

10、A, Booking online is a way to savethe environment。正确,与本文标题和主题相呼应,所以正确。

二、阅读选择

 1、A, Urban gardening came into being as a result of 【the lack of land for gardening】

2、C, The word“ confined" means【limited】

3、D, Plants grown on windowsillsrequire a lot of 【sunlight】

4、B, Raised beds are popular becausethey[【are cheap】

5、D, Community gardening is beneficialbecause it 【connects people】

三、 概括段落大意和补全句子

1、段落1:F, Teaching is more than a jobfor Mrs. Cook

2、段落2:E, Mrs. Cook's lessons arewell-prepared.

3、 段落3:C, Mrs.Cook cares about eachstudent.

4、段落4:A, Mrs. Cook makes our schoollife easier

5、段落5:B,  I enjoy science class now.

6、E, To become a school teacher, oneneeds 【 a college degree】

7、F, Mrs.Cook often goes out to collect[teaching materials】

8、C, Mrs.Cook offers slow studentsextra help[after school】

9、D, Our whole class take Mrs.Cook as 【 a role model】

10、 B, Iam lucky to have Mrs.Cook as【my teacher】

四、 填句补文

 E F A D C

五、 填词补文

 F B A H C E D G L J

六、完形补文

1. mistaken         2.unending       3. covered      4.percentage     5.including

6.Surprisingly      7.getting          8.uses             9.worse              10. shocked

七、 短文写作

扫码关注
返回顶部